You’ve heard about them, maybe you’re even dreading them, but what is a Sleep Regression, why do they happen, when do they happen, and most importantly how do you survive them?
In the early years, our children’s brains are going through a huge amount of change. They are born with around 30% of an adult’s brain, they can manage a basic number of skills but even then, still solely rely on the parent to ensure they are able to survive the first weeks and months.
Your baby will achieve some amazing and exciting and amazing milestones in the first few years, they go from being completely static to being able to roll, sit, crawl and then walk and talk!
Further than those huge and obvious physical developments, the brain is undergoing massive growth with communication and emotions.
By 2-3 months – your baby is already learning how to communicate by smiling or crying.
At 9-10 months – their short and long-term memory is improving so separation anxiety and fear of strangers rise around this age.
By 18m – 2 years – your toddler is learning empathy and their own emotional intelligence is improving as well as understanding relationships between others. Language skills are increasing.
At 3-4 years – they are becoming more social, beginning to share and taking turns. Towards 4 they start to have logical thought so can link a punishment with an action that happened earlier in the day
By 6-11 years – logical thought develops, and they start to get a real understanding of cause and effect
Do you know how old are we before our brain is fully emotionally mature? You may be surprised to know is not until our mid 20s!
So, during these times of huge brain development, it’s common that our children’s sleep will be affected, these periods are commonly known as sleep regressions.
Whilst these periods are possibly a time when sleep may seem like it regresses, it is a sign that your little one is growing and developing and shouldn’t be seen as a negative, and as with anything with children, these tough times will pass!
Human brains are really clever, it will prioritise they type of sleep needed for growth, development.
Deep Sleep – helps us to rest and recover and helps us to feel refreshed. It is the restorative sleep that allows for body recovery and growth. Most deep sleep happens in the first part of the night.
REM Sleep – this is active sleep where the brain is getting busy, it is essential for functions like memory, learning and creativity. We do longer stretches of REM sleep in the second half of the night and are most easily woken in this sleep state.
It makes sense that if we need to do more REM sleep to be able to process what we have experienced and learned into memory, that babies will do more REM sleep during these times of growth and development. It also makes sense that as we are more easily disturbed in REM sleep, babies may start to wake more often too.
Your baby may need more help to fall asleep for naps and at bedtime, they may wake more frequently through the night and they may start to fight or even refuse naps. This may go on for 2-4 weeks (sometimes more).
It can feel frustrating if things have been going well and you feel like you’ve been in a predictable routine that seems to work.
As with anything relating to children, sleep regressions won’t happen at exactly the same time for all children, but in the first two years, you might notice that sleep goes a bit wonky around:
3-6 months (commonly known as the 4 month sleep regression).
I know what you’re thinking – OMG Will I Ever Sleep Again?
I know that it sounds horrendous that there are all these times in the first two years where sleep regressions might happen, however it’s important not to worry about them before they happen.
Do try to remember that not all babies go through all of these blips, there are even some babies who just sleep well the whole time, but this is less common (hence why we call these babies unicorn babies).
There’s nothing you can do that will stop your baby’s sleep regressions from happening, as they are a natural part of development, however there are things you can do to reduce the impact.
The 4-month sleep regression (which can actually happen any time between 3 and 6 months) is the biggest change to sleep architecture that we go through. There is no going back to how sleep was before, which can be hard to cope with if your little one was sleeping well…. however, after this change there are more ways that you can influence how your baby sleeps.
If you can work on getting some great sleep foundations like this in place when your baby is young, then surviving the other sleep regressions can be ‘easier’ and the good habits you had before will come back again.
Often the best thing to do during your child’s sleep regression is to focus less on trying to change what they are doing (there’s already SO much going on in their brains) and try and focus on yourself and getting as much rest as you can.
If you’re in the midst of sleep regression haze and exhaustion and want to vent to a supportive group of parents, come along and join Blissed Out Babies – The Village.
If you want to learn more about what’s happening at different ages for your little one, and how to make gentle improvements to sleep in an age and developmentally appropriate way, check out The DNA Sleep Program® – your online on demand resource for all things sleep related.